The most common football injuries and how to overcome them

Publicado por LabHipermedia en

As we all know, any high-performance sport represents an activity with a risk of suffering injuries as a result of the high physical demand. Thus, football, given that it is the most widely played sport in Spain -it has more than 900,000 federative licences, in addition to many other people who, although not federated, play it regularly- has many health benefits, but there are also threats.

It should be noted that the skill or strength of the player is irrelevant, as even the healthiest and most agile players can be injured in this unpredictable sport. It is impossible to foresee an injury on the field of play, as a small slip or collision is enough to cause a pulled muscle or even a broken bone; however, a proper recovery from an injury with specific exercises according to the characteristics of the player will help greatly to reduce the danger of these accidents and, above all, to avoid relapses, trying to reincorporate the athlete in a functional way and at the highest level to the competition.

Even if iat LabHipermedia we are focused on a more theoretical part of the sport, users of platforms like CloudLab are athletes and can suffer injuries that apart them of the field of play. That is why, Before going into the recovery process, let us briefly analyse the different ailments in football

The most common injuries

Fractures: Collision between players or sudden movements can cause a broken bone. Bone fractures require weeks or even months of rest to heal, and often cause instability and weakness of the surrounding muscles.

Groin pull: injury or tear to the inner thigh muscles. Players sometimes hear a snapping sound at the time of injury, accompanied by immediate sharp pain. Due to the high eccentric contraction demands of the adductor in sports training and competition, there is a high prevalence of adductor muscle injuries.

Shin injuries: small tears in the muscles surrounding the shin. The pain is similar to that of a stress fracture of the shin and acts as a warning sign that a stress fracture could occur.

Hamstring strain: Tearing or pulling of the muscles at the back of the thigh. There is a sudden and significant pain when running, followed by continued damage when walking, straightening the leg or bending.

Knee injuries: injuries to the ligaments that stabilise the knee sometimes leading to tears. Players often experience a «popping» sensation when running or turning suddenly. It can be caused by a change of direction or a movement combined with deceleration, landing from a jump at or near full extension and pivoting on a planted foot with the knee at near full extension.

How to recover properly from these injuries?

The first piece of advice an injured player should follow is to take his recovery seriously, otherwise he could suffer a more serious injury and it could even become permanent. It should be noted that these recommendations are given by health professionals, however, they do not apply specifically to a particular ailment. According to Carlos Lalín Novoa (Lalín, C., 2008), a graduate in physical activity and sport sciences and physical-sport readaptor, the following series of phases are stipulated for an injury:

According to the doctoral thesis on the method of quantification in the rehabilitation of football injuries by Vicente Martínez de Haro and Víctor Paredes Hernández (Paredes, V., and Martínez de Haro, V., 2009), the recovery process must be carried out by a multidisciplinary team made up of doctors, physiotherapists, physical trainers, coaches, psychologists and other professionals such as chiromassage therapists, for example.

In addition, it is recommended to maintain a healthy diet with a dose of anti-inflammatory foods, such as green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, oily fish and nuts, among others. It is very important to try to maintain a basic level of physical fitness, which will be taken care of by the professionals treating the injured person by gradually adding football-specific exercises such as jumps, accelerations and changes of direction.

Finally, it is equally important to ensure that the injured person is integrated into the group with their teammates in the best possible shape, not only physically, but also psychologically and socially, as the relationship between mind and body in this type of recovery is closely linked and affects their wellbeing.

Sergio Asenjo: tough as nails

There are few cases in which a sportsman of such magnitude suffers a serious recurring injury and still returns to the field of play at the highest level. Such has been the experience of popular goalkeeper Sergio Asenjo, who has torn the cruciate ligament in his right knee a total of four times y and let’s remember, it is one of the most dreaded injuries a footballer can suffer.

All the experts agree that to recover completely well after several serious injuries requires an impressive psychological predisposition and extraordinary mental strength. According to Jordi Vives, Villarreal’s rehabilitation trainer, who was in charge of Asenjo’s treatment, when he was injured against Madrid, everyone saw him psychologically very bad, but they were surprised that the next day he was with his head up and eager to start working to recover. In addition, Jesús Unanua, goalkeeping coach of the Castellón team, commented that Asenjo did not need psychological help, which is unusual, which gives us an idea of his will.

One of the facts that Palma Gallego, a sports psychologist, highlights the most is that it is essential to keep busy and not get carried away by uncertainty: «An injury in itself for any athlete is a major source of stress. For sports psychologists, it’s a job to stay motivated».

Sergio Asenjo is an example of how to overcome a difficult injury and, as he wrote on one of his social media accounts, he highlighted how essential it is to work every day: «It’s been thousands of hours of work, ups and downs, suffering, smiles, progress and a lot of optimism», that was his way of coping. To help him through it, Asenjo wrote daily on social media about his progress and also received encouragement, which helped to maintain his motivation and self-esteem.

Categorías: Blog

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